Discover Algeria     Presentation of Algeria
 Presentation of Algeria


Located in North Africa, Algeria covers an area of 2.381.741 km2 and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the North, Morocco, Western Sahara and Mauritania on the West, Mali and Niger on the South, Libya and Tunisia on the East.

Crossroad of three worlds, Arab, African and Mediterranean, center of arts and civilization, Algeria has been all along its history a welcoming country of meeting and exchanges.

Largest country in Africa and the tenth largest in the world, Algeria is a spectacular land of dramatic geographic and climatic contrasts where the beauty of the Mediterranean landscape is contiguous to the majestic spaces of the Sahara.

A south Mediterranean country with a common borders with seven countries, Algeria occupies undeniably a privileged geographic position in front of European and African Markets. Its population currently stands at about 45 millions inhabitants. Agriculture and industrial activities are concentrated in the northern part of the country while the Sahara in the southern part is rich in natural resources and hydrocarbons. Algeria is a major world producer of natural gas and has been classified in the recent years as the first oil discoverer. Its non-hydrocarbon exports include phosphate, iron ore, zinc, mercury, salt, marble, agricultural and industrial equipment, and agricultural products. A vast program of economic reform has been launched in order to liberalize the economy and promote foreign investments. Its geographic location, huge economic potentials and rich natural resources are some of the valuable advantages, which make Algeria an emerging market and an attractive and truly rewarding investment site.


For your information:

Independence : July 5, 1962

National Holiday : November 1st (Anniversary of the 1954 Revolution)

Constitution revised by referendum on November 1st,2020

Capital city : Algiers 

 National language: Arabic and Tamazight

Climate: Mediterranean in the North/ warmer and drier in the South

Religion : Islam is the religion of the State

Currency : Algerian Dinar (AD) = one hundred centimes

Exchange rate : 1 US $ = 138.97 DA

 Local Time : G.M.T. + 1

Telephone code : 213 + city code

 The most important cities :

Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Setif, Bejaia, Tlemcen, Tizi-Ouzou, Batna, Ouargla, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Mostaganem, Tiaret, Mascara, Tamanrasset.
Ports : Algiers, Oran, Arzew, Annaba, Skikda, Bejaia, Ghazaouet, Jijel, Mostaganem, Beni-Saf, Tenes, Dellys.

Airports :
- International Airports : Algiers, Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Bejaia Tlemcen, Tamanrasset, Hassi-Messaoud.
- National Airports : Tebessa, Biskra, Bechar, In Amenas, Djanet, El-oued, Ouargla, Ghardaia,

Road network : 113,912 km
Rail network : 4020.3 km (2019) 

Industries :
Oil refining, Gas Liquefaction, Petrochemistry, Processing industry, Industrial equipments, Electric-Electronic industries, Metallurgy, Iron and Steel, Food, Electricity, Cement, Textile, Mechanical Industry (production of trucks, buses etc...)

Natural Resources :

Petroleum, gas, iron, lead, zinc, phosphates, uranium, gold, diamond, copper, coal, manganese, mercury etc...

Agriculture :
Market gardening, citrus fruits(oranges, mandarins, clementines, lemons), grapes, olives, dates, pears, apricots, peaches etc...

Forests : 4,1 millions hectares

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